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Natural Awakenings South Central Pennsylvania

Postural Alignment and Pain

Feb 28, 2023 09:31AM ● By Brenda Baxter
Posture alignment refers to the balanced relationship within the musculoskeletal system, which is simply the muscles, joints and bones. Good posture alignment occurs when the body segments: head, shoulders, spine, hips, knees and ankles, all line up to influence the proper movement, balance, stability, strength and flexibility of the body. Postural alignment puts less stress on the spine and other body segments and helps maintain good posture.


Poor posture alignment occurs when one or more body segments are not lined up. Several factors play a role in posture alignment, such as the day-to-day effects of gravity, injury, illness and/or genetics—a combination of these factors is quite common. As a result, muscle spasms and tension occur because that is how the body protects the vulnerable area. Prolonged muscle spasms can lead to muscle weakness over time and muscle tension can develop when a prolonged posture is held day after day, such as looking down at a phone/computer. The body finds ways to compensate for muscle spasms, weakness, tension and/or muscle group imbalances, which leads to pain.


Achieving good postural alignment takes time and consistency, because the body needs to learn a different pattern. It is important to address body segment alignment, muscle spasms and weakness in order to improve posture and decrease pain. Postural alignment keeps the body comfortable and allows for optimal movement during daily activities.


Brenda A. Baxter, LMT/PTA, is a certified holistic MLD practitioner and owner of The Balance, located at 2201 Forest Hill Dr., Ste. 9, in Harrisburg, specializing in stress and pain management and relaxation treatments. For more information, call 717-877-7533 or visit